Dry skin can occur on any part of our body, but when it occurs on the face, it may cause inconvenience due to flaking, itching and embarrassment. The skin on the face is often exposed to harsh weather conditions like cold and dry air and excessive sunlight. The symptoms that accompany facial dryness are tightness, roughness, itching and scaling.
Causes of dry skin on the face
· Reduced sebum production due to aging.
· Harsh weather conditions-cold and dry weather
· Washing the face repeatedly
· Using moisture robbing facial cleansers
· Poor skin care routine
· Lack of proper diet
· Inflammatory skin conditions, such as atopic dermatitis
· Too much exposure to sun
· Hormonal imbalance- during menopause and pregnancy
· Excessive alcohol intake and smoking
· Too much consumption of caffeine
How to get rid of dry skin on the face
Dry skin on the face can be challenging, especially during winter time. Luckily, you can treat it by following a good skin care routine, facial skin care products and lifestyle changes.
1. Choose an appropriate cleanser
Stay away from sulfate and alcohol containing facial cleansers and soaps that strip your skin of its natural oils, and making the condition worse. Consider fragrance -free and oil-based cleansers that add moisture to your skin. Use warm water and reduce your bath time to prevent further drying of your skin.
2. Exfoliate the dead skin cells
Dry skin on your face can lead to accumulation of dead skin cells which can clog your pores. So, it is important to exfoliate to slough off the dead cells from the skin’s surface. Exfoliation not only removes dead skin but also brings new life to your skin and stimulates blood flow to your face which results in healthy, smooth, and glowing face. Avoid vigorous action while exfoliating, and, frequent exfoliation will also damage your skin. Consider exfoliating twice a week. You can use any of the following natural exfoliants at your home.
· Brown sugar and olive oil: mix two tbsp. of brown sugar with enough amount of olive oil to make paste. Using your fingers, gently massage the paste onto your face in circular motion. After 20 minutes rinse it off with cold water.
· Oatmeal and honey: while nourishing your facial skin, oatmeal can effectively exfoliate the dead skin cells that build-up on your face. Combine 2 tbsp of ground oatmeal with 1 tsp of honey and a little bit of milk, mix vigorously to form smooth paste, then apply it on your face, let it sit for 15 to 20, and finally rinse off with warm water. You will be surprised when you see soft and smooth face you’ve got after scrubbing.
· Yogurt: it is rich in lactic acid that can perfectly exfoliate dead cells and removes any impurities from your face. Take some plain yogurt and spread it on your face in circular motion using your fingers. Leave it on for 20 minutes, and then rinse it off with lukewarm water.
· Honey and sugar: mix 1 tsp of honey and 1 tsp of sugar together with a little bit of milk to form a paste. Gently rub the mixture on your face. Rinse off with warm water after 15 minutes.
3. Moisturize regularly
The reason for facial skin dryness is loss of moisture and it must be restored early since neglected dry skin can cause your skin to become itchy and cracked–leading to infection. Look for the moisturizers that are thick and can draw and lock the moisture into the skin. when choosing face moisturizers, make sure they are loaded with glycerin, Shea butter, coconut oil and jojoba oil. Apply the moisturizer after washing your face while your skin is still damp. Every night before you go to bed, moisturize your face with your favorite moisturizing face cream.
4. Cover your face
Excessive sun light exposure not only leave your face dry, but also accelerates the aging process of your skin. Therefore, it is important to cover your face whenever you go outside with sun protection factor 30 (SPF) containing sunscreen, wear cotton scarf when you go into the cold, and use hat to shade your face from the sun. It is also important to limit the time you spend outside.
5. Stay hydrated and healthy
Dehydration is one of the causes of dry facial skin. So, you need to drink sufficient amount of water to hydrate your skin. Eat healthy diet, such as fruits, vegetables Omega-3 fatty acids rich food. Avoid excessive intake of alcohol and caffeine intake to keep your skin looking good and healthy.